Refugee crisis seen from the perspective of a Neo-Order-Liberal:
Applying to Muslim refugees: The values and morals of Muslim men do not change so quickly, it takes time. Muslim men should not treat women as “invisible” human, and Muslim women should fight for their gender rights. The Sharia shall not be equal to the “Rules of Law”: state and religion must remain separate. Politicians must strictly demand our values and morals: no false tolerance, not multiculturalism, no parallel society! The burqa must be prohibited, and headscarves and clothing should only be tolerated insofar its not perceived as a segregation against our open society. The refugees are obliged to attend ethics lessons, educational and vocational training, and German language courses. The policy should execute orderly and quickly the application for asylum and provide newcomers support and a network. Regardless of the status of asylum, the refugees shall receive work permits and perform non-profit work as long as they are not integrated into the labor market, they should get a guaranteed minimum payment for any (social) work including for their commitment learning a craft or other profession and German. The refugees (whether war- or poverty-refugee) should follow a meaningful daily structure. They should unite with their family as soon as possible. Deconstructive are asylum on time, the restitution of the family after five years, no work permit, etc. The policy should be illuminated by proper political framing that refugees could bring mid- and long-term benefits to Austria. By worse political framing citizens get unsettled: “border fence” is regarded as a protection against unwanted visitors, “upper limit” a narrow space with no place to others. Negation like “a door with something in it” evokes the frame “border fence” in the minds of citizens (listeners). A better political (but polemical) framing is to compare the “border fence” with a “garden fence”. Georg Kapsch, a successful industrialist, and COE of the Austrian Industry Association supports the slogan (and political frame) of Angela Merkl “We can do it”. He trusts that taking 5 million refugees shouldn’t be a problem for 500 million Europeans; and furthermore, the refugees should obtain work permit immediately? Many Syrian refugees and others may return to their home countries with new (democratic) values and experiences and want to contribute to the reconstruction of infrastructure, assisting to establish political institutions and NGOs, and to improve the economy. Nations which treated the refugees well will get a better chance for orders to reconstruct the country. By global political and economic disputes and opportunities, former refugees will address Austria as a friend. The author of this posting participates in the program “Mentoring for Migrants” of the Austrian Federal Economic Chamber, which is very successful. I experienced that young refugee from Afghanistan, although with more inferior education, are well skilled with their hands and after a short training are excellent welders, – currently Europe lacks about 20,000 welders looked for projects worldwide. Neo-liberals see the refugees as a chance and trust that we should master it. It is unfair that social people (Gutmenschen) accuse the neo-liberalism (capitalism) to be the cause of global refugee crises. They forget the history that the “social market economy” brought, contrary to socialism in the former Eastern Bloc countries -, in Germany and Austria great prosperity. Likewise, that former communist nations (in their mind still some communism) are those who are not taking any refugees. I agree with this social people that the wave of refugees could be a windfall for the future demographic gap in Austria. But there is a lack of integration concepts: the refugees who come to us belong to a different religion and culture, – the integration is harder than it was for Hungarian refugees; transfer payments are too high: all facts which could create a menacing social stress potential. It is the intention of the author to portray the refugee crisis positively even if that sounds unrealistic. Financing is not a problem. Funding of the Development Assistance should increase to the agreed 0.7% of GDP and 0.1% of it should be put in a European Common Fund available to master the cost of the refugee crisis. The closing of European boundaries would, according to experts, create an economic loss of more than 100 billion EURO, comparatively to master the refugee crisis would cost less.
Roland Leithenmayr VfV
Risk- and Crisis-Management to secure Sustainable Development
Europe has troubles to find a concord between their nations to deal with the flow of refugees: Europe has lost empathic. The citizens are confused, frustrated, scared and angry about the hesitant “back and forth” decisions and actions of their politicians and institutions. It lacks for transparency, traceable identification, analysis, assessment and management of risks that may arise from the migration flow. Adequate risk- and crisis-management is missing. Each system and organization has its own risks, but it is fundamentally that they are accurately recognized and managed before a real threat or crisis arises. Risk management is essential and must be applied not only by politicians, experts, economists, but by the civil society especially NGOs to secure sustainable development regardless of whether it is a developed country, developing or emerging nation. Europa is currently in a crises situation associated with a decision-making problem (a dilemma!). No matter how politicians or institutions decide on, they encounter more often drawbacks, because the final decision commonly generates not only benefits but disadvantages too: the anxiety of the citizen and therefore voters, risk of creating a parallel society (sharia) or in a greater sense compromise with politicians regardless of whether they are appreciated, rejected or disliked. That means the politics or NGOs have to deal with diplomacy and stakeholder interests (smart engagement) if they like it or not. Contrary to risk management, the crisis management is concerned how with crisis (threats) before, at present or afterwards shall be dealt. Because NGO’s possess much experiences with refugees and other risks and crises around the world, they are predestined to support risk- and crisis management, to develop and improve it, and to initiate or support the process of transformation, inter alia, replacing obsolete systems that can no longer be maintained. The UN NGO Committee on Sustainable Development in Vienna/Austria and its associates are aware of the dilemma that politicians and institutions like the UNIDO and others encounter and is open to cooperate and support risk- and crisis-management and the process of transformation. To cope adequately with risks the rules (standards) of the risk-management should be applied to meet (sub-optimal) sustainable decisions and to act accordingly. A useful project to be recommended is to identify the most relevant indicators and associated risks for the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. In the event it runs not so well as planned, there is no unpleasant surprise, instead the execution of appropriate measures will prevent or reduce the chaos and minimize the crisis.The excuse that it was simple a surprise is no longer more an excuse!
Roland Leithenmayr VfV