2017 Global food policy report
FPRI’s flagship report reviews the major food policy issues, developments, and decisions of 2016, and highlights challenges and opportunities for 2017 at the global and regional levels. This year’s report looks at the impact of rapid urban growth on food security and nutrition and considers how food systems can be reshaped to benefit both urban and rural populations. Drawing on recent research, IFPRI researchers and other distinguished food policy experts consider a range of timely questions, read more
2017 Global food policy report
Ilona Graenitz & Dora Vrdlovec
Land Grabbing – Impact on Human Rights and Climate Change
Koh Kheng Lian examines in her presentation and paper in the form of a trilogy the connections between Rule of Law, Human Rights and Human Security in a context of environmental changes and land grabbing. Although she trusts the Rule of Law is generally comprehended, she indicates that the consequences of environmental challenges on human rights and human security are still not fully apprehended. Her question and answer is how those three approaches work together: Or do they? Read more: kas_41976-1522-2-30 , see page 94.
Emeritus Professor Koh Kheng Lian is an established authority on environmental law. She is one of the founder members and the former, and currently honorary, director of the Asia-Pacific Centre for Environmental Law (APCEL). – See more about her http://www.swhf.sg/the-inductees/17-environment-conservation/138-koh-kheng-lian#sthash.ezaEFSmE.dpuf
Roland Leithenmayr VfV
Diabetes II: a silent killer!
14. November 2015, World Diabetes Day (WHO)
Sugary drinks cause, – a new study of the TUFTS University -, more than 184 000 deaths per year all over the world,
Top of the iceberg is Mexico with 405 deaths per million adults a year, while in the USA with 125 and in Germany with 49 deaths. About three-fourths of the deaths were in developing countries, because sugary drinks, – like Coca Cola -, are easier to get than fresh, good tasting drinking water or fresh milk, and a lot of advertising. The beverages in the study included sugar-sweetened sodas, fruit drinks, energy drinks, sweetened iced teas and homemade sugary drinks.
The American Beverage Association (ABA) argument is that there is no correlation between sugary beverages, diabetes, and other health problems: But Dariush Mozaffarian, an author of the study and dean of Tufts University’s Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, says that’s not correct. The ABA said in their statement that “America’s beverage companies are doing their part to offer consumers the fact-based information and the beverage options they need to make the right choices for themselves and their families.” Governments in many countries are now taking appropriate measures, such as banning the sale of sweet drinks in the kindergarten and schools, tax on sugary drinks, to curb advertising, to decrease the consummation successful.
More facts about diabetes: http://www.facediabetes.at/zahlen-und-fakten.html
The Industry will continue their Global Economic Ethic when they offer such foods and drinks that will not cause any lasting illnesses, even after long-term consummation. By sugary drinks, the best result could be realized by replacing the industrial sugar and corn-syrup by sweeteners with anti-diabetic effects. In truth, such product is already existing, but “…what will prevail in real life, is not the truth, but …the financial self-interest… and the power of multinational corporation ” (John Kenneth Galbraith, Die Ökonomie des unschuldigen Betrugs, Vom Realitätsverlust der heutigen Wirtschaft, page 18).
Although a proponent of capitalism, I am angry when large or multinational companies prevent,- because of their greediness -, innovations, patents or products offered by smaller businesses or startups which could solve many urgent societal problems.
As CSR expert, I prefer to apply it voluntarily, but often I ask myself whether more stringent regulations by the government are necessary. Philosophical, angry citizen (Wutbürger) should actively enforce their fight against the elites (i.e. large corporations and politics), but that’s another story.
The truth must prevail! If you want to support the development and application of sweeteners which prevent and combat diabetes 2, then use the contact form below.
Roland Leithenmayr, VfV
10 Mega global-forces
Lord Michael Hastings, Global Head of Citizenship at KPMG and active in leading positions at the World Economic Forum, UNICEF and the Millenium Promise Board points out that ten (10) global mega-forces must be addressed to achieve global sustainable development:
- Climate Change: this may be the one global mega force that directly impacts all others. Predictions of annual output losses from climate change range between 1 percent per year, if strong and early action is taken, to as much as 5 percent a year—if policymakers fail to act.
- Energy & Fuel: fossil fuel markets are likely to become more volatile and unpredictable because of higher global energy demand; changes in the geographical pattern of consumption; supply and production uncertainties and increasing regulatory interventions related to climate change.
- Material Resource Scarcity: as developing countries industrialize rapidly, global demand for material resources is predicted to increase dramatically. Business is likely to face increasing trade restrictions and intense global competition for a wide range of material resources that become less easily available. Scarcity also creates opportunities to develop substitute materials or to recover materials from waste.
- Water Scarcity: it is predicted that by 2030, the global demand for freshwater will exceed supply by 40 percent. Businesses may be vulnerable to water shortages, declines in water quality, water price volatility, and to reputational challenges.
- Population Growth: the world population is expected to grow to 8.4 billion by 2032. This will place intense pressures on ecosystems and the supply of natural resources such as food, water, energy and materials. While this is a threat for business, there are also opportunities to grow commerce and create jobs, and to innovate to address the needs of growing populations for agriculture, sanitation, education, technology, finance, and healthcare.
- Wealth: the global middle class (defined by the OECD as individuals with disposable income of between US$10 and US$100 per capita per day) is predicted to grow 172 percent between 2010 and 2030. The challenge for businesses is to serve this new middle-class market at a time when resources are likely to be scarcer and more price volatile. The advantages many companies experienced in the last two decades from “cheap labor” in developing nations are likely to be eroded by the growth and power of the global middle class.
- Urbanization: in 2009, for the first time, more people lived in cities than in the countryside. By 2030 all developing regions including Asia and Africa are expected to have the majority of their inhabitants living in urban areas; virtually all Population Growth over the next 30 years will be in cities. These cities will require extensive improvements in infrastructure including construction, water and sanitation, electricity, waste, transport, health, public safety and internet and cell phone connectivity.
- Food Security: in the next two decades the global food production system will come under increasing pressure from mega forces including Population Growth, Water Scarcity and Deforestation. Global food prices are predicted to rise 70 to 90 percent by 2030. In water-scarce regions, agricultural producers are likely to have to compete for supplies with other water-intensive industries such as electric utilities and mining, and with consumers. The intervention will be required to reverse growing localized food shortages (the number of chronically under-nourished people rose from 842 million during the late 1990s to over one billion in 2009).
- Ecosystem Decline: Historically, the main business risk of declining biodiversity and ecosystem services has been to corporate reputations. However, as global ecosystems show increasing signs of breakdown and stress, more companies realize how dependent their operations are on the critical services these ecosystems provide. The decline in ecosystems is making natural resources scarcer, more expensive and less diverse; increasing the costs of water and escalating the damage caused by invasive species to sectors including agriculture, fishing, food and beverages, pharmaceuticals and tourism.
- Deforestation: Forests are big business – wood products contributed $100 billion per year to the global economy from 2003 to 2007and the value of non-wood forest products, mostly food, was estimated at US$18.5 billion in 2005. The OECD projects that forest areas will decline globally by 13 percent from 2005 to 2030, mostly in South Asia and Africa. The timber industry and downstream industries such as pulp and paper are vulnerable to potential regulation to slow or reverse deforestation. Companies may also find themselves under increasing pressure from customers to prove that their products are sustainable through the use of certification standards. Business opportunities may arise through the development of market mechanisms and economic incentives to reduce the rate of deforestation.
Roland Leithenmayr VfV
2015 International Year of Soils
Human Rights: Reducing land degradation and desertification:
The Sekem Initiative (Egypt) received for their contribution combating soil erosion and reclamation of desert soils the “Land for Life Award 2015” of the UNCCD (United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification).The approach of Sekem is based on biological and dynamic farming methods.
Another important contribution to this topic is the scientists and practical afford (Erna Smidt, Johannes Tintner) of the “Platform for the Humus Research” of BOKU (Universität für Bodenkultur Wien). The approach is based on the thematic cycle: humus – humic substances – soil fertility – carbon sequestration – climate. BOKU’s project the “BOKU Mobile” has been was awarded by UNESCO to the UN Decade Award “Education for Sustainable Development”.
Jadav Payeng, a Mishing tribe environmental activist and forestry worker from Jorhat, India planted and tended trees, – over the course of several decades -, on a sandbar of the river Brahmapitra covering now more than 50 hectars.
Summer of Soil, an association of agronomists and ecologists, is concerned about the misuse of soil in agriculture and forestry on all 5 continents. They work closely together with John D. Liu and with Willem Ferwerda of the Commonland Foundation in the Netherlands and created a “centre of excellence” offering research and training attracting people from all over the world both on a practical and scientific level. One of the ambitious projects is in Ayoó de Vidriales, Spain..
WELTjournal+: Grüne Wüsten – Visionen für die Welt: tvthek.orf.at
Roland Leithenmayr VfV
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FOR ALL (SE4ALL)
Kandeh K. Yumkella, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Chief Executive Officer for Sustainable Energy for all.
“2014 has left Sustainable Energy for All very well positioned and prepared for the future”
50 SE4 All High-Impact opportunities identified, six of which are already operationalized:
Clean Energy Mini-Grids, Phase-out of Gas Flaring, Energy and Women’s Health, Universal Adoption of Clean Cooking Solution,Sustainable Bioenergy and the Water-Energy-Food Nexus.
2014 A Year of many breakthroughs accross all work streams of sustainable energy for all.
2015 The year when we show how we act to make sustainable energy for all a realty.
2030 The year when we achieve sustainable energy for all.
Roland Leithenmayr VfV