Koh Kheng Lian examines in her presentation and paper in the form of a trilogy the connections between Rule of Law, Human Rights and Human Security in a context of environmental changes and land grabbing. Although she trusts the Rule of Law is generally comprehended, she indicates that the consequences of environmental challenges on human rights and human security are still not fully apprehended. Her question and answer is how those three approaches work together: Or do they? Read more: kas_41976-1522-2-30 , see page 94.
Emeritus Professor Koh Kheng Lian is an established authority on environmental law. She is one of the founder members and the former, and currently honorary, director of the Asia-Pacific Centre for Environmental Law (APCEL). – See more about her http://www.swhf.sg/the-inductees/17-environment-conservation/138-koh-kheng-lian#sthash.ezaEFSmE.dpuf
Roland Leithenmayr VfV
The world community is stunned how geographical areas dissolve caused by the territorial gains of the IS (Islamic State of Iraq and Levant). In spite of military threats, drones and military professionals the situation is not stabilizing. Edit Schlaffer, – Women without Borders -, recalls that who are directly on the front are the mothers whose children left for Syria. Schlaffer points out that women have the most impact on their families and communities. This growing group of women, – labeled as “Jihadi mothers”-, break through their invisibility by supporting and strengthening other women in the same situation. The goal is to discourage children to fraternize with Jidahists and to make the terrible decision to go to Syria. Edit Schaffler is providing their experience, knowledge and platform “Women without Borders” – http://www.women-without-borders.org/ – to achieve this goal. For her work Edit Schlaffer was awarded the Soroptimist International of Europe Peace Prize 2015 at the Soroptimist International Convention in Istanbul.
Carbon Markets are efficient processes for cost-effective climate mitigation. They allow the private sector to earn tradable Emission Reduction Credits from projects. But it depends on the ethics of the actors whether this program can work: the mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol is subject to controversial debate and extensive research.
The journal “Nature Climate Exchange” reports that companies in Russia and Ukraine use the Kyoto Protocol to gain enormous profits. (http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nclimate2772.html). The practice of these companies are simple: their plants operate deliberately inefficiently to generate massive amounts of (toxic) gas emissions. Then they apply the Kyoto Protocol for their selfish benefit reducing the own emissions produced dishonestly receiving in exchange certificates which they sell on the carbon markets with a profit. That’s cheating! The environmentalists are trusting that this blemish has an impact on the upcoming Climate Change Conference in Paris at the end of this year 2015, and finally stricter rules shall be adopted. (Source: Doris Vettermann, Betrug mit dem Klimaschutz, Kronenzeitung, Politik, Seite 4, Mittwoch 26. August 2015).
Roland Leithenmayr VfV
UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) has taken an innovative approach to gather information on the implementation of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols to it. UNODC developed an Omnibus Survey Software, which is an efficient, interactive and user-friendly tool that would simplify reporting obligations vis-à-vis the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols to it and the United Nations Convention against Corruption.
The software can be downloaded: http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/treaties/CTOC/omnibus-tool.html