Corruption

UNTOC Side Event: Linking Criminal Justice and the SDGs

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Together with SIW, GWI, SID and CoNGO the NGO Committee on Sustainable Development has organized a Side Event for the upcoming UNTOC COP10. The title is “Linking Criminal Justice and the SDGs in a New Way: Corruption creates wicked legacies at hazardous sites” and it will be an online event, taking place on October 15th 2020 from 10am – 10:50am.

International Day for the Eradication of Poverty

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Saturday 17. October 2015 was the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. Many experts believe that the UN Millennium Development Goals have not been achieved: in the Sub-Sahara region of Africa and other countries are still a lot of poverty, about 700 million people live on less than 1.90 dollar a day (World Bank) worldwide. China is a success story: through progressive liberalization and integration of world trade (Axel Dreher, a development economist at the University of Heidelberg), it has been achieved that only one (1) Chinese of ten (10) is undernourished today, – 25 years ago it was one of four. However, experts criticize the unilateral trade relations and that economic growth has been achieved at the expense of the environment and society: the Triple Bottom Line Approach (People, Planet,Profit) had too little consideration!  They point out that the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) may serve as a valuable framework and reference, but the implementation of the SDGs has to be executed by national politics (which is often incapable and corrupt). It requires reliable institutions, which can be trusted, Rules of Law, good environment and conditions for companies and investors, and the fight against corruption. Alejandro Cunat, economist at the University of Vienna, views the SDGs skeptical: it makes little sense to put developing countries a list of required measures in their hand, because it depends on the will and the interest of governments too. There are many influential stakeholders in developing countries (not only in Greece) who are interested only in the trade of importing than exporting because much higher profits can be achieved not taking care of the economic and unemployment situation. Success stories of Singapore, Taiwan, South Korea and China cannot be transferred without adaptations, but it can be learned from them. In October 2015 received the poverty researcher Angus Deaton the Nobel Prize. He regards himself as “someone who’s concerned with the poor of the world and how people behave, and what gives them a good life.” Angus Deaton has enhanced this understanding by linking detailed individual choices and aggregate outcomes, his research has helped transform the fields of microeconomics, macroeconomics, and Development Economics. -> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angus_Deaton

Roland Leithenmayr, VfV

Source: Simon Moser, Erfolgsgeschichte mit 700 Millionen Ausnahmen, der Standard / Economics Sat. / So., 17/18. Oktober 2015

Cheating with Emission Rights

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Carbon Markets are efficient processes for cost-effective climate mitigation. They allow the private sector to earn tradable Emission Reduction Credits from projects. But it depends on the ethics of the actors whether this program can work: the mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol is subject to controversial debate and extensive research.

The journal “Nature Climate Exchange” reports that companies in Russia and Ukraine use the Kyoto Protocol to gain enormous profits. (http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nclimate2772.html). The practice of these companies are simple: their plants operate deliberately inefficiently to generate massive amounts of (toxic) gas emissions. Then they apply the Kyoto Protocol for their selfish benefit reducing the own emissions produced dishonestly receiving in exchange certificates which they sell on the carbon markets with a profit. That’s cheating! The environmentalists are trusting that this blemish has an impact on the upcoming Climate Change Conference in Paris at the end of this year 2015, and finally stricter rules shall be adopted. (Source: Doris Vettermann, Betrug mit dem Klimaschutz, Kronenzeitung, Politik, Seite 4, Mittwoch 26. August 2015).

Roland Leithenmayr VfV

International Anti-Corruption Academy in Vienna/Austria (IACA)

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“Corruption is one of the biggest impediments to the world’s efforts to reach the Millenium Development Goals.Corruption steals elections. It undermines the rule of law. It can jeopardize security. And the vulnerable suffer first and worst. “

A complex issue like corruption linked to organized crime, cannot be adequately addressed with traditional methods alone: IACA  the International Anti-Corruption Academy in Vienna/Austria, – the first of its kind -, aims to overcome current shortcomings of knowledge and practice in the field of anticorruption. The Academy’s goal is to develop a new generation of top-notch specialist and experts to tackle the issues surrounding corruption.

Learn more about http://www.iaca.int/